National Biodiversity Strategy

The UAE has been providing special attention to biodiversity due to its close relationship with our lives and cultural heritage. Thus, it became one of the most priority issues that received early and personal attention by the late father of Nation, Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan

National Biodiversity Strategy

Global milestones

As part of our keenness to protect the heritage and develop methods of preserving biodiversity and eco-systems we have consolidated efforts of all concerned authorities in the country.

Through these efforts, the UAE has made important achievements at the regional and global levels. The UAE is ranked first in the Standard of Marine Reserves in the Environmental Sustainability Index, an important global indicator. The UAE has also achieved remarkable successes in the conservation and spread of endangered species in their natural environments inside and outside the country.

National Biodiversity Strategy

The UAE continues to play its leading role as part of its national strategies and action plans in accordance with best practices. The National Biodiversity Strategy was prepared in cooperation and coordination with all stakeholders in the public and private sectors. For this purpose, the UAE also collaborated with the academic community and regional and international organizations, in line with the UAE vision and its national goals and the objectives of Aichi Convention on Biological Diversity.

This strategy is primarily aimed at addressing the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by integrating biodiversity values across all sectors of the country, reducing direct pressures on biodiversity and promoting sustainable use. It also aims at improving the state of biodiversity by conserving ecosystems, species and genetic diversity, Ecosystem services. The implementation of the strategy will be through participatory planning, knowledge management, capacity-building and awareness raising.

Key guidelines for national strategy and objectives

The biodiversity strategy includes 5 strategic guidelines and 21 national targets. National guidelines and targets have been formulated in line with the UAE Vision 2021 and the National Agenda, Aichi Biodiversity Targets and Sustainable Development Goals in line with national priorities.



Key guidelines and national targets of the national biodiversity strategy


(1) Integration of biodiversity concepts into all sectors and society segments.


By 2021, awareness programs targeting all the population of the country will be implemented, making sure that at least 75% of citizens are aware of the values of biodiversity, its protection and sustainable uses.


By 2021, biodiversity values will be integrated into planning and decision-making processes.


By 2021, incentives, including damaging subsidies to biodiversity will be cancelled or gradually

phased out or modified. Positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity will be developed and applied, taking into account the social, economic and cultural implications.


By 2021, the number of governmental and non-governmental institutions that have adopted measures and plans for sustainable production and consumption will be increased by 50% to reduce the impact on biodiversity in the country.


(2) Strengthening knowledge base and capacity-building for the conservation and management of biodiversity.


By 2021, the state and direction of the country's major biodiversity components will be assessed, monitored and linked to the decision process.


By 2021, traditional practices, knowledge and innovations related to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity will be taken into account in the development of local and national policies and legislation.


(3) Improve the state of biodiversity by protecting habitats, species and genetic diversity and rehabilitation of degraded ecosystems.


By 2021, the UAE will be ranked among the top 10 countries in the biodiversity sub-index in the Environmental Performance Index


By 2021, 12% of terrestrial and inland water areas and 14% of coastal and marine areas will be conserved through a network of protected and effectively managed ecosystems, taking into account, as appropriate, the linking of important areas of biodiversity and ecosystem services.


By 2021, programs to improve the conservation status of 70% of the most threatened species will be developed and implemented.


By 2021, the rate of loss of natural habitats, including critical habitats, will be reduced by 25%.


By 2021, the contribution of ecosystems to carbon stocks will be improved by protecting and rehabilitation of at least 50% of degraded habitats, helping to mitigate the effects of climate change and desertification.


By 2021, at least 90% of the rehabilitation plans for degraded ecosystems, which provide essential services will be implemented.


By 2021, important genetic resources in the country will be conserved and protected.


(4) Decreasing pressures on land and marine environments


By 2021, at least 70% of important living marine resources that are vulnerable to depletion will be sustainably managed.


By 2021, 50% of government and private land, exploited for agriculture, aquaculture and forestry will be sustainably managed to ensure the conservation of biodiversity.


By 2021, pollution from different sources will be reduced to levels that do not harm the functions of sensitive ecosystems and biodiversity.


By 2021, all exotic and invasive species and their pathways will be identified and the management plans to control priority species will be developed and implemented.


By 2018, action plans will be developed and initiated to reduce the impacts of human activities on sensitive marine ecosystems and improve their resilience to the impacts of climate change.


(5) Strengthening cooperation and coordination at the local, regional and international levels in biodiversity-related areas


By 2016, the biodiversity strategy will be adopted by the federal government and its programs will be implemented at all levels in the country.


By 2016, adequate financial, human and technical resources will be allocated for the effective implementation of the national biodiversity strategy at the federal and local levels.


By 2021, biodiversity-related conventions / agreements will be implemented effectively and regularly.