The updated website contains comprehensive and rich information about the UAE’s eco-system as well as the plans, programs and projects undertaken by the government to achieve sustainability in line with the UAE Vision 2021.
The website also provides significant information on the efforts, initiatives and strategic steps taken by the UAE to mitigate the pressures and challenges faced by the eco-systems of the country. It sheds light on how to tackle these pressures and challenges, whether caused by human factors such as over population, exploiting of land or change in consumption behavior, or resulting from natural causes like geographical location or climate change, and transform them to sustainable opportunities.
The UAE is characterized by an arid desert climate with low rainfall and high temperatures during the dry and hot summer months. In terms of terrain, it is divided into three different regions: the mountainous region - the low coastal area - the desert region.
The desert environment, which represents the largest environment in the country, encompasses different types of plants adapted to extreme climatic conditions. They are an important source of grazing and are used as animal feed, in addition to their great value in stabilizing sand dunes and many medical uses.
The mountain environment, with its freshwater systems such as ponds, valleys and springs, is an ideal shelter for wildlife, with about 44% of wild plants, 42% of wild mammals, 24% of reptiles and 17% of birds. The environment of valleys and sedimentary plains is the most important pastoral area of the country due to its fertility.The most diverse marine and coastal environments play an important role in the provision of food, as fish has been the main source of food for the country's population. In addition to its role in providing food, the marine environment has been the most important economic pillar in the country. It is a source of pearl fishing, transport and trade links with other countries. Though huge developments happened in the country over the past four decades, the marine and coastal environment has maintained and increased its economic, social and environmental importance as most economic, cultural and recreational activities depend on this environment.